Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Synanthedon vespiformis

Synanthedon vespiformis (Linnaeus, 1761)

yellow-legged clearwing

on oak and other trees

Synanthedon vespiformis

England, Norfolk, Downham-Market, © Rob Edmunds (to lure)


The larva bores in the bark of tree cankers, at the interface of dead and living tissue; often also in stumps. Pupation in a cocoon under the bark.

host plants

Abies alba; Aesculus; Betula; Castanea sativa; Fagus sylvatica; Juglans regia; Juniperus communis; Malus; Populus alba, nigra; Prunus padus; Quercus petraea, pubescens, pyrenaica, robur, rubra; Salix alba; Ulmus glabra.

Mainly on Quercus spp.


The larva lives for one or two years.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2018).

larva, pupa

Larva and pupa are extensively described by Bąkowski.


Aistleitner (2004a), Bachelard (2014a), Bąkowski (2013b), Bąkowski, Celadyn, Hołowiński & Zajda (2011a), Bartsch (1992a), Bartsch & Pühringer (2005a),Bella, Bartsch & Laštůvka (2017a), Ebert (ed., 1997a), Laštůvka & Laštůvka (2001a, 2014c), Predovnik (2018a).

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