Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi



leafroller moths

A huge family with over 900 species in Europe alone (Parenti, 2001a). Quite a few species live in rolled leaves, wich has given the family its vernacular name. Only a few of them have mining larvae. They are not well adapted to the mining habit: the mines have no well-defined shape, and generally the larvae mine only during the first few instars, to become free-living later. Also most species are polyphagous. The larvae of several species live as borers, wich makes them play a role in the cecidological literature. Important sources about the larvae are Brown (1987a) and Swatschek (1958a). Larvae of Tortricidae have 4 pairs of abdominal prolegs.

A valuable website about Tortricidae is:


Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Brown (1987a), Parenti (2001a), Swatschek (1958a).


Last modified 23.xi.2017