Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Enarmonia formosana

Enarmonia formosana (Scopoli, 1763)

cherry-bark moth

on Rosaceae


The larva bores in the bark, especially in the thick bark at the foot of older trees en in places where the bark already is swollen by old wounds or cankers. The presence of the larva in its turn causes gumming and loosening of the bark. Reddish brown frass in bark fissures betrays the presence of the larva.

host plants

Rosaceae, oligophagous

Cydonia; Malus domestica; Prunus armeniaca, avium, cerasifera, cerasus, domestica, dulcis, laurocerasus, persica, serrulata; Pyracantha; Pyrus communis; Sorbus

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

Foto’s op Lepiforum; zie ook Schmid, Swatschek.


Pictures on Lepiforum; see also Schmid, Swatschek.


See Patočka & Turčáni (2005a)


Enarmonia, Grapholitha, woeberiana (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775).


Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1979a), Buhr (1965a), Dang & Parker (1990a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015b), Lepiforum (2019), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Schmid (2019a), Schütze (1931a), Swatschek (1958a).

Last modified 3.ii.2023