Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Clavigesta sylvestrana

Clavigesta sylvestrana (Curtis, 1850)

small pine shoot

on Pinus

parasite

Larvae in a silken tube among the needles.

host plants

Pinaceae, monophagous

Pinus pinaster, pinea, sylvestris.

phenology

Univoltine.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body ± reddish brown, head dark brown; see Hancock & Bland, Swatschek.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1979a), van Deventer (2021a), Gómez de Aizpurúa (1994a), Hancock & Bland (2015b), Huisman, Kuchlein, van Nieukerken ao (1986a), Meijerman & Ulenberg (2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Schütze (1931a), Swatschek (1958a).

Last modified 13.ii.2021