Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Epiblema cirsiana

Epiblema cirsiana (Zeller, 1843)

knapweed bell

on thistles


The larva bores in the stem; there also the pupation.

host plants

Asteraceae, oligophagous

Arctium minus; Carduus nutans, personata; Carlina; Centaurea nigra, stoebe; Cirsium arvense, palustre, vulgare.


Univoltien; hibernation as fully fed larva.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

egg, larva, pupa

see Schmid.


Epiblema scutulana forma cirsiana.


Only a study of the DNA or genitalia permits separation from E. scutulana; the information about biology and host plants therefore is unreliable.


Hancock & Bland (2015b), Lepiforum (2019), Murria Beltrán (2008a), Schmid (2019a), Schütze (1931a), Vávra (2016a).

Last modified 3.ii.2023