Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Epiblema cirsiana

Epiblema cirsiana (Zeller, 1843)

knapweed bell

on thistles

parasite

The larva bores in the stem; there also the pupation.

host plants

Asteraceae, oligophagous

Arctium minus; Carduus nutans; Carlina; Centaurea nigra; Cirsium arvense, palustre, vulgare; Centaurea nigra.

phenology

Univoltien; hibernation as fully fed larva.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Epiblema scutulana forma cirsiana.

notes

Only a study of the DNA or genitalia permits separation from E. scutulana; the information about biology and host plants therefore is unreliable.

references

Hancock & Bland (2015b), Lepiforum (2019), Murria Beltrán (2008a), Schütze (1931a).

Last modified 2.ii.2020