Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Epiblema scutulana

Epiblema scutulana (Denis & Schffermüller, 1775)

thistle bell

on Asteraceae


larvae (caterpillars, with yellowish brown head) bore in the stem and underground parts. They hibernate in the upper section of their gallery and pupate there in spring. The plant can show a local swelling or shortening of the internodes.

host plants

Asteraceae, oligophagous

Arctium; Carduus nutans; Carlina acaulis; Centaurea jacea, nemoralis, nigra; Cirsium palustre, vulgare; Senecio.


body reddish brown; head, prothoracic and anal plates and thoracic feet dark brown (Swatschek). See also Schmid.


See Patočka & Turčáni.


Epiblema scutulanum; E. luctuosana Duponchel, 1835; E. pflugiana (Haworth, 1811)


Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1979a), Buhr (1964a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Disqué (1905a), Fazekas (2009a), Hancock & Bland (2015b), Houard (1909a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Roskam (2009a), Schmid (2019a), Schütze (1931a), Swatschek (1958a), Szőcs (1977a).

Last modified 3.ii.2023