Epiblema scutulana (Denis & Schffermüller, 1775)

thistle bell

on Asteraceae

gall

larvae (caterpillars, with yellowish brown head) bore in the stem and underground parts. They hibernate in the upper section of their gallery and pupate there in spring. The plant can show a local swelling or shortening of the internodes.

hostplants

Asteraceae, oligophagous

Arctium; Carduus nutans; Centaurea nemoralis, nigra; Cirsium palustre, vulgare; Senecio.

synonyms

Epiblema luctuosana Duponchel, 1835.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1979a), Buhr (1964a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Houard (1909a), Roskam (2009a), Szőcs (1977a).

mod 17.ix.2018