Epinotia bilunana (Haworth, 1811)

crescent bell

on Betula

gall

the larva, a caterpillar, lives during the summer in a female catkin, that may become somewhat disfigured, and finally is eaten out completey. The larve hibernates in the catkin and in spring pupates either there, or in the litter.

hostplants

Betulaceae, monophagous

Betula pendula, pubescens.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973), Buhr (1964a), Szőcs (1977a).

28/02/2014

mod 13.ii.2018