Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Epinotia demarniana

Epinotia demarniana (Fischer von Röslerstamm, 1840)

birch bell

on Betula

parasite

Larva from autumn till spring in the still closed catkins, that are wrapped in some silk.

host plants

Betulaceae, monophagous

Betula pendula.

References to Alnus glutinosa; Salix caprea do seem scarce and dubious.

phenology

Univoltine; hibernation as larva.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2020).

larva

Pictures on Lepiforum, see also Swatschek (1958a).

synonyms

Epiblema demarniana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1979a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015b), Lepiforum (2020), Schütze (1931a), Swatschek (1958a).

Last modified 20.i.2020