Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Epinotia immundana

Epinotia immundana (Fischer von Röslerstamm, 1839)

common birch bell

on Alnus, Betula

gall

From autumn till spring the larva lives in a male catkin, causing it to deform somewhat. Eventually the larva moves to a developing bud.

host plants

Betulaceae, oligophagous

Alnus glutinosa; Betula.

larva

Pictures on Lepiforum; see also Patočka & Turčáni, Swatschek.

synonyms

Epiblema immundana.

references

Buhr (1964a), Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1979a), Corley (2005a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015b), Lepiforum (2020), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Schütze (1931a), Swatschek (1958a).

Last modified 4.ii.2020