Epinotia nemorivaga (Tengström, 1848)

bearberry bell

Epinotia nemorivaga mine

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi, France, Mont Ventoux, leg MJ Gijswijt

mine

The larve begins by making a corridor that generally traverses the leaf perpendicularly, and later remains visible as a brown ridge. Upon arrival at the other side this corridor is vacated through an untidy hole (In some instances an exuvium was found here). Next the larva makes a a large, untidy full depth blotch, either in the same leaf or in a neighbouring one. The blotch, that may occupy the entire leaf, contains many coarse, oval, frass grains. The larva leaves the blotch through a large circular opening. Before moving to a new leaf to old and the new are connected with silk.

hostplants

Ericaceae, monophagous

Arctostaphylos alpinus, uva-ursi.

phenology

Larvae from September till May (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Fennoscandia and northern Russia to the Iberian Peninsula and Italy, and from Ireland to Poland (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

larva

Comparatively large, dull grey-green with blackish-brown feet, pinacula, and thoracic plate. The head is shining black, the anal plate is light brown.

synonyms

Epiblema nemorivaga.

references

Adamczewski (1947a), Baldizzone (2007b), Burmann (1980a), Emmet, Langmaid, Bland ao (1996a), Hering (1957a), Klimesch (1950c), Skala (1951b), Sønderup (1949a).

mod 29.viii.2018