Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Epinotia ramella

Epinotia ramella (Linnaeus, 1758)

small birch bell

on Betula

parasite

The larva bores in a catkin or in a young shoot.

host plants

Betulaceae, monophagous

Betula.

Schütze also mentions Populus, but that is not accepted by the British authors.

phenology

Univoltine.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2020).

larva

See Swatschek.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Steganoptycha ramella.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015b), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Schütze (1931a), Swatschek (1958a), Thomann (1956a).

Last modified 16.ii.2020