Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Epinotia solandriana

Epinotia solandriana (Linnaeus, 1758)

variable bell, birch-aspen leafroller moth



Larvae initially on buds, in spun leaves.

host plants

Betulaceae, Salicaceae, narrowly polyphagous

Alnus; Betula pendula; Corylus avellana; Populus tremula; Salix caprea.

Mainly on birch.


Univoltine; hibernation as egg.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2020).

larva, pupa

Pictures on Lepiforum; see also Lindquist & Macleod, Patočka & Turčáni, Swatschek.


Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1979a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015b), Lepiforum (2020), Lindquist & Macleod (1967a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Schütze (1931a), Swatschek (1958a), Thomann (1956a).

Last modified 17.ii.2020