Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Epinotia trigonella

Epinotia trigonella (Linnaeus, 1758)

white-blotch bell, birch epinotia moth

on Betula

parasite

Larvae and pupae in spun young leaves.

host plants

Betulaceae, momophagous

Betula pendula.

References to Alnus; Corylus are probably incorrect or exceptional.

phenology

Univoltine, hibernation as egg.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2020).

larva

, pupa
Pictures on Lepiforum; see also Swatschek, Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Epiblema similana, similanum (Hübner, 1793); Epinotia stroemiana (Fabricius, 1781).

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1979a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015b), Lepiforum (2020), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Schütze (1931a), Swatschek, 1958a [“stroeminana”]), Žemlička (2011a).

Last modified 18.i.2020