Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Eriopsela quadrana

Eriopsela quadrana (Hübner, 1813)

four-spot bell

on Solidago


A ground leaf is folded upwards and lengthwise, creating the impression of a tubular gall. The larva inside feeds on the leaf without damaging the lower epidermis. Hibernation and pupation in a cocoon among the litter.

host plants

Asteraceae, monophagous

Solidago virgaurea.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).


Pictures on Lepiforum, Schmid.


Steganoptycha quadrana.


Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1979a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015b), Lepiforum (2020), Schmid (2019a), Steeman & Sierens (2019a), Wullaert (2017a), Žemlička (2011a).

Last modified 2.ii.2023