Rhopobota ustomaculana (Curtis, 1831)

northern bell

Rhopobota ustomaculana: mine on Vaccinium vitis-idaea

Vaccinium vitis-idaea, Poland, województwo Pomorskie, Czolpino © Stéphane Claerebout

Rhopobota ustomaculana: mine on Vaccinium vitis-idaea

underside of a mined leaf

Rhopobota ustomaculana: mine on Vaccinium vitis-idaea

lighted from behind

Rhopobota ustomaculana: larva

larva

Rhopobota ustomaculana mine

Vaccinium vitis-idaea, Belgium, prov. Liège, Eupen, Brackvenn © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Rhopobota ustomaculana mining larva

young, mining, larva

Rhopobota ustomaculana older larva

older, free living, larva

Rhopobota ustomaculana feeding style

Vaccinium vitis-idaea, Belgium, prov. Liège, Lierneux, fagne de la Crépale: spun apical leave; © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Rhopobota ustomaculana: mine in Vaccinium vitis-idaea

Vaccinium vitis-idaea. England, Yorkshire © Charlie Streets

Rhopobota ustomaculana: mine in Vaccinium vitis-idaea

same mine

mine

Large full depth blotch or broad corridor, with much frass, either dispersed or heaped near the start of the mine. After some time he larvae leave their mine, and continue feeding among spun leaves.

hostplants

Ericaceae, narrowly monophagous

Vaccinium vitis-idaea.

phenology

Larvae until April (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Fennoscandia and northern Russia to the Pyrenees and Italy, and from Britain to Romania.

larva

Mining larva whitish, with a brown head and prothoracic plate; thoracic feet and small pinacula black. Prolegs with c. 40 hooks, anteriorly in a single row, posteriorly in a double row (Swatschek, 1958a). No anal comb (Bradley ao, 1979a).

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1979a), Gielis ao (1985a), Hering (1957a), Klimesch & Skala (1936a), Kuchlein & Donner (1991a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Maček (1999a), Skala (1951b), Swatschek (1958a), Szőcs (1977a), Zoerner (1970a).

mod 29.viii.2018