Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Rhyacionia buoliana

Rhyacionia buoliana (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)

pine shoot

on Pinus

Rhyacionia buoliana: gall on Pinus sylvestris

Pinus sylvestris, Belgium, prov. Liège, Theux © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Rhyacionia buoliana: galls on Pinus nigra

Pinus nigra, Velsen, lg Velserbeek; to judge by the branching pattern this sapling has survived infestations in earlier years.


In autumn the larva hollows a bud, then hibernates, then bores in a developing shoot until summer. Damaged shoots generally die off, but when a strong shoot is involved, the leading shoot in particular, it may continue growing, resulting in a deformed, commercially useless, stem.

host plants

Pinaceae, monophagous (?)

Pinus banksiana, brutia, contorta, densiflora, halepensis, jeffreyi, mugo, muricata, nigra, pinea, pinaster, ponderosa, radiata, resinosa, sylvestris, virginiana.

Also mentioned from Abies alba, but probably only rarely on that plant.


Univoltine; hibernation als partly developed larva, in the bud.


Pictures on Lepiforum; see also Swatschek.


See Patočka & Turčáni.


Evetria buoliana.


Baixeras, Domínguez & Martínez (1996a), Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1979a), Buhr (1965a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Disqué (1905a), Friebe (2016a), Fusu (2017a), Hancock & Bland (2015b), Huertas Dionisio (2007a), Kollár (2011a), Lepiforum (2019), Meijerman & Ulenberg (2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Robbins (1991a), Roskam (2009a), Schimitschek (1955a), Schwerdtfeger (1981a), Seven, Ozdemir, Ozdemir & Bozkurt (2005a), Swatschek (1958a), Szőcs (1977a), Thomann (1956a), Thomann, Standfuss & Müller-Rutz (1913a), Tomasi (2003a, 2012a, 2014a), Žikić, Ritt, Colacci, ao (2019a).

Last modified 15.viii.2022