Spilonota ocellana (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)
bud moth, eye-spotted bud moth
Hippophae rhamnoides, Cadzand
The young larva lives in a silken tube, open at both ends, at the underside of a leaf. Later the live among spun leaves and/or flowers. After the hibernation they also feed on bud. Occasionally one makes an irregular brownish gallery or blotch. How often this happens perhaps differs regionally. Hering (1957a) describes the species as a full blown miner, but Bradley ao (1979a) spend no word on a mining habit, not even facultatively.
Polyphagous on trees and shrubs
Alnus glutinosa; Betula pendula; Carpinus; Crataegus; Cydonia; Erica tetralix; Euphorbia paralias; Hippophae rhamnoides; Malus domestica; Myrica gale; Populus tremula; Prunus; Pyracantha; Pyrus; Quercus robur; Rubus; Rumex obtusifolius; Salix; Sorbus.
Mining larvae in July – October; after hibernation they live free among spun leaves.
BE recorded (Phegea, 2010).
NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2010).
LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2010).
distribution within Europe
All Europe (Fauna Europaea, 2010).
Body reddish brown, head and prothoracic plate blackish brown, anal plate brown. Abdominal prolegs darkly chitinised laterally, with a double circle of c. 36 crochets. Under strong magnification the integument appears covered with a microscopical brown spinulation (Swatschek, 1958a).
See Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).
Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1979a), Disqué (1905a), Frost (1927a), Hancock & Bland (2015b), Hering (1957a), Kozlov & Kullberg (2010a), Kuchlein & Donner (1983a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Lepiforum (2019), Meijerman & Ulenberg (2000a), Oatman, Legner & Brooks (1962a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins (1998a), Requena i Miret (1998a), Robbins (1991a), Schütze (1931a), Sønderup (1949a), Swatschek (1958a), Szőcs (1977a), Thomann (1956a).