Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Spilonota ocellana

Spilonota ocellana (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)

bud moth, eye-spotted bud moth

Spilonota ocellana mine

Hippophae rhamnoides, Cadzand


The young larva lives in a silken tube, open at both ends, at the underside of a leaf. Later the live among spun leaves and/or flowers. After the hibernation they also feed on bud. Occasionally one makes an irregular brownish gallery or blotch. How often this happens perhaps differs regionally. Hering (1957a) describes the species as a full blown miner, but Bradley ao (1979a) spend no word on a mining habit, not even facultatively.

host plants

Polyphagous on trees and shrubs

Alnus glutinosa; Betula pendula; Carpinus; Crataegus; Cydonia; Erica tetralix; Euphorbia paralias; Hippophae rhamnoides; Malus domestica; Myrica gale; Populus tremula; Prunus; Pyracantha; Pyrus; Quercus robur; Rubus; Rumex obtusifolius; Salix; Sorbus.


Mining larvae in July – October; after hibernation they live free among spun leaves.


BE recorded (Phegea, 2010).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2010).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

distribution within Europe

All Europe (Fauna Europaea, 2010).


Body reddish brown, head and prothoracic plate blackish brown, anal plate brown. Abdominal prolegs darkly chitinised laterally, with a double circle of c. 36 crochets. Under strong magnification the integument appears covered with a microscopical brown spinulation (Swatschek, 1958a).


See Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).


Tmetocera ocellana.


Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1979a), Cobos Suarez (1988a), Disqué (1905a), Frost (1927a), Hancock & Bland (2015b), Hering (1957a), Kozlov & Kullberg (2010a), Kuchlein & Donner (1983a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Lepiforum (2019), Meijerman & Ulenberg (2000a), Nunes (2021a), Oatman, Legner & Brooks (1962a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins (1998a), Requena i Miret (1998a), Robbins (1991a), Schütze (1931a), Sønderup (1949a), Swatschek (1958a), Szőcs (1977a), Thomann (1956a).

Last modified 14.iv.2023