Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Cydia pomonella

Cydia pomonella (Linnaeus, 1758)

codling moth

mainly on Rosaceae

Cydia pomonella imago

Greece, Lefkas, Katouna, 31.v.2023 © Laurens van der Linde

Cydia pomonella on Malus domestica

Malus domestica, UK, Norfolk, Downham Market, 23.vii.2020 © Rob Edmunds: feeding sign, extruded frass

Cydia pomonella on Malus domestica

23.vii.2020, the pupa has left the fruit, the moth has emerged


The larvae bore in the fruits, feeding mainly on the seeds. Infected fruits are stunted and ripen prematurely. Pupation in a cocoon outside of the fruit.

host plants

Rosaceae, oligofaag

Cydonia oblonga; Malus domestica; Prunus armeniaca, persica; Pyrus communis.

Mainly on apple. The occurrence on Juglans regia, as described by, among others, Meijerman & Ulenberg, is astonishing, given the different structure of the fruit; sometimes it is considered a separate variety. Records from Castanea sativa; Ficus carica; Sorbus aria are exceptional at least.


Bivoltine; hibernation as larva.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).


Picture on Lepiforum; see also Swatschek.


See Patočka & Turčáni.


Carpocapsa, Enarmonia, Laspeyresia, pomonella. The form of walnut has been named Laspeyresia pomonella var. putaminana (Staudinger, 1859).


Adolph, Kortstock, Niehoff & Schweitzer (2019a), Bouček (1956a), Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Braggion (2013a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Kasy (1987a), Lepiforum (2019), Meijerman & Ulenberg (2000a), Mitroiu, Andriescu, Fusu & Dascălu (2007a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Requena i Miret (1998a), Roques, Cleary, Matsiakh & Eschem (2017a), Schütze (1931a), Swatschek (1958a), Szabóky & Csóka (2010a), Thomann (1956a), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a), Žikić, Ritt, Colacci, ao (2019a).

Last modified 3.viii.2023