Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Cydia pomonella

Cydia pomonella (Linnaeus, 1958)

codling moth

mainly on Rosaceae

Cydia pomonella on Malus domestica

Malus domestica, UK, Norfolk, Downham Market, 23.vii.2020 © Rob Edmunds: feeding sign, extruded frass

Cydia pomonella on Malus domestica

23.vii.2020, the pupa has left the fruit, the moth has emerged

parasite

The larvae bore in the fruits, feeding mainly on the seeds. Infected fruits are stunted and ripen prematurely. Pupation in a cocoon outside of the fruit.

host plants

Rosaceae, oligofaag

Cydonia oblonga; Malus domestica; Prunus armeniaca, persica; Pyrus communis.

Mainly on apple. The occurrence on Juglans regia, as described by, among others, Meijerman & Ulenberg, is astonishing, given the different structure of the fruit; sometimes it is considered a separate variety. Records from Castanea sativa; Ficus carica; Sorbus aria are exceptional at least.

phenology

Bivoltine; hibernation as larva.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Picture on Lepiforum; see also Swatschek.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Carpocapsa, Laspeyresia, pomonella. The form of walnut has been named Laspeyresia pomonella var. putaminana (Staudinger, 1859).

references

Adolph, Kortstock, Niehoff & Schweitzer (2019a), Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Braggion (2013a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Kasy (1987a), Lepiforum (2019), Meijerman & Ulenberg (2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Requena i Miret (1998a), Roques, Cleary, Matsiakh & Eschem (2017a), Schütze (1931a), Swatschek (1958a), Szabóky & Csóka (2010a), Thomann (1956a), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a).

Last modified 12.iv.2021