Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Pammene germmana

Pammene germmana (Hübner, 1799)

black piercer

on polyphagous on deciduous trees


Larvae bore in the young shoots and fruits.

host plants

Crataegus; Prunus domestica; Quercus.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2020).


See Patočka & Turčáni.


Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1979a), Huisman & Koster (2000a), Hancock & Bland (2015b), Huisman & Koster (1995a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2004a), van Nieukerken, Gielis, Huisman ao (1993a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).

Last modified 20.ii.2020