Cnephasia stephensiana (Doubleday, 1849)

grey tortrix

mine

Small, full depth mine without a definite shape; little frass. The larva soon leaves the mine and continues feeding among spun leaves.

hostplants

Strongly polyphagous

Aegopodium podagraria; Agrimonia eupatoria; Ajuga reptans; Anemone; Aquilegia; Arctium; Arnica; Aster; Astragalus; Atriplex; Barbarea; Bellis; Borago; Calendula; Caltha; Carduus acanthoides; Carlina; Centaurea; Cerastium; Chamerion angustifolium; Chenopodium; Chondrilla; Cichorium; Cirsium; Colchium; Coronilla; Crepis; Cyclamen; Dactylis; Dipsacus; Echium; Epilobium; Erigeron; Euphorbia; Fragaria; Galega; Genista; Hedera helix; Helianthus; Heracleum sphondylium; Filipendula ulmaria; Fumaria; Gagea; Glaucium; Hypochaeris; Kickxia; Klasea integrifolia; Lactuca; Lathyrus; Lupinus; Lycopus; Malva; Melilotus; Milium; Pulmonaria officinalis; Saxifraga; Scorzonera; Serratula; Silene dioica; Soldanella; Stachys; Symphytum; Teucrium; Thlaspi; Tussilago farfara; Vicia faba.

phenology

Larvae in spring (Robbins, 1991a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

Entire Europe (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

larva

Body greyish with darker dorsal line. Head brown. Prothorac and anal plate brownish black with a light anterior rim. Pinacula black (contrary to C. incertana); segment 10 without an anal comb (contrary to C. asseclana).

synonyms

Cnephasia chrysantheana auct.

references

Buhr (1953a,b, 1956a), Corley, Marabuto, Maravalhas, Pires & Cardoso (2008a), Gómez de Aizpúrua (2003a), Hering (1957a), Huber (1969a), Huemer (2012a), Huertas Dionisio (2007a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Maček (1999a), Robbins (1991a), Skala (1951b), Sønderup (1949a), Szőcs (1977a).

28/01/2013

mod 10.ii.2018