Cnephasia stephensiana (Doubleday, 1849)

grey tortrix

broadly polpyhagous on herbs

mine

The young larva makes a dmall, full depth mine without a definite shape; little frass. The larva soon leaves the mine and continues feeding among spun leaves.

host plants

Aegopodium podagraria; Aesculus; Agrimonia eupatoria; Ajuga reptans; Anemone; Aquilegia; Arctium; Arnica; Artemisia; Aster; Astragalus; Atriplex; Barbarea; Bellis; Borago; Brassica; Calendula; Caltha; Carduus acanthoides; Carlina; Centaurea; Cerastium; Chamerion angustifolium; Chenopodium; Chondrilla; Chrysanthemum; Cichorium; Cirsium; Colchicum autummnale; Coronilla; Crepis; Cyclamen; Dactylis; Dipsacus; Doronicum; Echium vulgare; Epilobium; Erigeron; Euphorbia; Festuca; Filipendula ulmaria; Fragaria; Fumaria; Gagea; Galega; Galeopsis; Genista; Glaucium; Glechoma; Hedera helix; Helianthus; Heracleum sphondylium; Hieracium; Hypochaeris; Inula; Kickxia; Klasea integrifolia; Knautia; Lactuca; Lathyrus; Leontodon; Lupinus; Lycopus; Malva; Melilotus; Milium; Phaseolus; Pisum; Plantago; Potentilla; Primula; Pulmonaria officinalis; Ranunculus; Rumex; Saxifraga; Scorzonera; Serratula; Silene dioica; Soldanella; Stachys officinalis; Symphytum; Teucrium; Thlaspi; Tussilago farfara; Vicia faba.

phenology

Univoltine; hibernation as young larva.

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

Entire Europe (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

larva

Body sombre greyish with darker dorsal line. Head brown. Prothoracic and anal plate brownish black with a light anterior rim. Pinacula black (contrary to C. incertana); segment 10 without an anal comb (contrary to C. asseclana).

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Cnephasia chrysantheana auct.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Buhr (1953a,b, 1956a), Corley, Marabuto, Maravalhas, Pires & Cardoso (2008a), Gómez de Aizpúrua (2003a), Hancock &a Bland (2015a), Hering (1957a), Huber (1969a), Huemer (2012a), Huertas Dionisio (2007a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Lepiforum (2019), Maček (1999a), Meijerman & Ulenberg (2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Robbins (1991a), Schütze (1931a), Skala (1951b), Sønderup (1949a), Swatschek (1958a), Szőcs (1977a).

mod 7.xi.2019