Cacoecimorpha pronubana (Hübner, 1799)
Generally the “Mediterranean carnation leafroller” is not a leafminer, but in plants with a thick cuticula the first larval instar may be forced to mine. The result then is a full depth gallery of some cm with irregularly scalloped sides; all frass is ejected. Usually the larvae live free among spun young leaves.
Arbutus; Armeria pungens; Asphodelus; Bassia scoparia; Cercis siliquastrum; Cistus calycinus; Daphne gnidium; Dianthus; Dorycnium rectum; Erigeron canadensis; Euonymus japonicus; Euphorbia amygdaloides; Fragaria; Fuchsia; Helichrysum italicum subsp. picardii; Hippophae rhamnoides; Juniperus squamata; Laurus nobilis; Lavandula stoechas; Ligustrum; Lycopersicon esculentum;Melilotus; Mentha suaveolens; Nepeta; Pelargonium; Picea glauca; Retama monosperma; Rhamnus lycioides; Robinia; Rosa; Rosmarinus; Skimmia japonica; Tamarix; Thuja occidentalis; Vitis vinifera.
Carnation is not only the main host plant, but also one of the plants where the species sometimes occurs as a miner.
Larvae in June and August – September (Hering, 1957a); more generations in southern regions and greenhouses.
BE recorded (Phegea, 2010).
NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2010).
LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2010).
distribution within Europe
From the Netherlands to Iberia and the Mediterranean Islands, and from Ireland to Romania (Fauna Europaea, 2010).
Body brownish to dark greenish grey; pinacula lighter. Head light to dark brown; prothoracic plate greenish yellow with black markings. Under strong magnification the integument is covered with a fine brown spinulation (Swatschek, 1958a; Bradley ao, 1973a).
See Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).
May also occur in greenhouses, and especially then not rarely a serious pest.
Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Buchner (2004a), Corley (2005a), Deutsch (2012a), Hancock & Bland (2015b), Hering (1957a), Huertas Dionsio (2007a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Lepiforum (2019), Meijerman & Ulenberg (2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins (1998a), Requena i Miret (1998a), Robbins (1991a), Swatschek (1958a).