Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Cacoecimorpha pronubana

Cacoecimorpha pronubana (Hübner, 1799)

carnation tortrix

mine

Generally the “Mediterranean carnation leafroller” is not a leafminer, but in plants with a thick cuticula the first larval instar may be forced to mine. The result then is a full depth gallery of some cm with irregularly scalloped sides; all frass is ejected. Usually the larvae live free among spun young leaves.

host plants

Strongly polyphagous

Arbutus; Armeria pungens; Asphodelus; Bassia scoparia; Bupleurum fruticosum; Cercis siliquastrum; Cistus calycinus; Daphne gnidium; Dianthus; Dorycnium rectum; Erigeron canadensis; Euonymus japonicus; Euphorbia amygdaloides; Fragaria; Fuchsia; Hedera helix; Helichrysum italicum subsp. picardii; Hippophae rhamnoides; Juniperus squamata; Laurus nobilis; Lavandula stoechas; Ligustrum; Lycopersicon esculentum;Melilotus; Mentha suaveolens;,Myrtus; Nepeta; Pelargonium; Picea glauca; Pyrus bourgaeana; Retama monosperma; Rhamnus lycioides; Robinia; Rosa; Rosmarinus; Scabiosa atropurpurea; Skimmia japonica; Tamarix; Thuja occidentalis;Viburnum tinus; Vitis vinifera.

Carnation is not only the main host plant, but also one of the plants where the species sometimes occurs as a miner.

phenology

Larvae in June and August – September (Hering, 1957a); more generations in southern regions and greenhouses.

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2010).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2010).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

distribution within Europe

From the Netherlands to Iberia and the Mediterranean Islands, and from Ireland to Romania (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

larva

Body brownish to dark greenish grey; pinacula lighter. Head light to dark brown; prothoracic plate greenish yellow with black markings. Under strong magnification the integument is covered with a fine brown spinulation (Swatschek, 1958a; Bradley ao, 1973a).

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).

notes

May also occur in greenhouses, and especially then not rarely a serious pest.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Buchner (2004a), Corley (2005a), Corley, Marabuto, Maravalhas ao (2011a), Deutsch (2012a), Hancock & Bland (2015b), Hering (1957a), Huertas Dionsio (2007a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Lepiforum (2019), Meijerman & Ulenberg (2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins (1998a), Requena i Miret (1998a), Robbins (1991a), Swatschek (1958a).

Last modified 14.iii.2020