Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Dichelia histrionana

Dichelia histrionana (Frölich, 1828)

spruce tortrix

mine

Young larvae mine a number of leaves, entering though a round opening, mostly in the base of the leaf. Mined leaves are spun together. The frass is ejected, part of it is trapped in the spinning. Often the larvae can be seen outside the mine, in the spinning. Older larvae live free, also among spun needles.

host plants

Pinaceae, oligophagous

Abies alba; Picea abies.

Picea is the main host plant.

phenology

Larvae from August to June the following year, mining only before hibernation (Patočka, 1960a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Fennoscandia to Belgium, Italy, and Greece, and from the Netherlands to Poland and Romania (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

larva

Young larvae bright green, head chestnut to black, with a white labrum (“upper lip”). Anal comb present, about 7 prongs (Swatschek, 1958a; Patočka, 1960a).

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Cacoecia, Parasyndemis, histrionana.

references

Aarvik, Bakke, Berg ao (1997a), Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Dantart (2010b), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Hering (1957a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), van Nieukerken, Gielis, Huisman ao (1993a), Patočka (1960a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Swatschek (1958a), Szőcs (1977a).

Last modified 15.iii.2020