Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Pandemis heparana

Pandemis heparana (Denis & Schifermüller, 1775)

dark fruit-tree tortrix, apple brown tortrix

polyphagous on woody plants

parasite

Larvae in rolled leaves.

host plants

Betula; Cytisus scoparius; Fagus sylvatica; Frangula alnus; Fraxinus; Lonicera periclymenum; Malus domestica; Myrica gale; Prunus; Pyrus; Quercus; Ribes; Rubus; Salix caprea; Sorbus torminalis; Tilia; Ulmus; Vaccinium myrtillus.

Also herbs, like Anchusa; Lysimachia.

phenology

Univoltine; hibernation as a young larva.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Pictures on Lepiforum; see also Swatschek.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Klimesch (1989a), Łabanowski & Soika (2012a), Lepiforum (2019), Meijerman & Ulenberg (2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Schütze (1931a), Swatschek (1958a).

Last modified 19.ii.2020