Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Syndemis musculana

Syndemis musculana (Hübner, 1799)

dark-barred tortrix, illusory tortricid

broadly polyphagous

parasite

Larvae concealed among compactly spun or rolled leaves.

host plants

Achillea; Agrimonia; Betula; Calluna vulgaris; Cytisus scoparius; Eupatorium; Filipendula ulmaria; Galium; Genista; Larix; Lycopus europaeus; Lysimachia; Lythrum; Malus; Myrica; Picea; Pinus contorta; Populus tremula; Pseudotsuga menziesii; Pyrola; Quercus; Rubus idaeus; Salix; Scrophularia; Solidago virgaurea; Sorbus; Stachys; Tilia; Vaccinium.

Quercus seems the most important host plant.

phenology

Univoltine; hibernation as larva.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Pictures on Lepiforum; see also Swatschek.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Cacoecia musculana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Graham (2014a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Lepiforum (2019), Meijerman & Ulenberg (2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Schütze (1931a), Swatschek (1958a), Thomann (1956a).

Last modified 15.ii.2020