Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Cnephasia stephensiana

Cnephasia stephensiana (Doubleday, 1849)

grey tortrix

broadly polpyhagous on herbs

mine

The young larva makes a dmall, full depth mine without a definite shape; little frass. The larva soon leaves the mine and continues feeding among spun leaves.

host plants

Aegopodium podagraria; Aesculus; Agrimonia eupatoria; Ajuga reptans; Anemone; Aquilegia; Arctium; Arnica; Artemisia; Aster; Astragalus; Atriplex; Barbarea; Bellis; Borago; Brassica; Calendula; Caltha; Carduus acanthoides; Carlina; Centaurea jacea subsp. angustifolia; Cerastium; Chaerophyllum bulbosum; Chamerion angustifolium; Chenopodium; Chondrilla; Chrysanthemum; Cichorium; Cirsium vulgare; Cistus; Colchicum autummnale, hungaricum; Coronilla; Crepis; Cyclamen; Dactylis; Digitalis purpurea; Dipsacus; Doronicum; Echium vulgare; Epilobium; Erigeron; Eryngium; Euphorbia; Festuca; Filipendula ulmaria; Fragaria; Fumaria; Gagea; Galega; Galeopsis; Genista; Glaucium; Glechoma; Hedera helix; Helianthus; Heracleum sphondylium; Hieracium; Hypochaeris; Inula; Kickxia; Klasea integrifolia; Knautia; Lactuca; Lathyrus; Leontodon; Lupinus; Lycopus; Malva; Melilotus; Milium; Phaseolus; Pisum; Plantago; Potentilla; Primula; Pulmonaria officinalis; Ranunculus; Rumex; Saxifraga; Scabiosa; Scorzonera; Serratula; Silene dioica; Soldanella; Stachys officinalis; Symphytum; Teucrium; Thlaspi villosa; Tussilago farfara; Vicia faba.

phenology

Univoltine; hibernation as young larva.

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

Entire Europe (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

larva

Body sombre greyish with darker dorsal line. Head brown. Prothoracic and anal plate brownish black with a light anterior rim. Pinacula black (contrary to C. incertana); segment 10 without an anal comb (contrary to C. asseclana).

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Cnephasia chrysantheana auct.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Buhr (1953a,b, 1956a), Corley, Ferreira, Grundy, ao (2018a), Corley, Marabuto, Maravalhas ao (2008a, 2011a), Corley, Merckx, Marabuto ao (2013a), Corley, Rosete, Marabuto ao (2014a), Fazekas (2022c), Gómez de Aizpúrua (2003a), Hancock &a Bland (2015a), Hering (1957a), Huber (1969a), Huemer (2012a), Huertas Dionisio (2007a), Klimesch (1989a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Lepiforum (2019), Maček (1999a), Meijerman & Ulenberg (2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Robbins (1991a), Schütze (1931a), Skala (1951b), Sønderup (1949a), Swatschek (1958a), Szőcs (1977a).

Last modified 2.x.2022