Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Cochylis molliculana

Cochylis molliculana Zeller, 1847

ox-tongue conch

on Helminthotheca

parasite

Larvae in the flowers heads.

host plants

Asteraceae, monophagous

Helminthotheca echioides.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

phenology

Two generations. The first generation pupates in a cocoon in the flower head; the second generation makes a cocoon among the litter and pupates after the hibernation.

references

Hancock & Bland (2015a), Huisman, Koster, Muus & van Nieukerken (2013a).

Last modified 21.x.2019