Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phalonidia manniana

Phalonidia manniana (Fischer von Röslerstamm, 1839)

water-mint conch

on Lycopus, Mentha

parasite

The larva bores in the stem; there also the hibernation and pupation.

host plants

Lamiaceae, oligophagous

Lycopus europaeus; Mentha aquatica, longifolia, x piperita.

References in the literature from Alisma plantago-aquatica; Butomus umbellatus; Inula are doubtful.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Conchylis manniana.

notes

Until the study by Mutanen ao generally confused with Ph. udana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Fazekas (2014a), Groenen, Huisman & Doorenweerd (2013a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Mutanen, Aarvik, Huemer ao (2012a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Roweck & Savenkov (2013a), Triberti, Longo Turri, Adami & Zanetti (2017a) .

Last modified 25.i.2020