Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phtheochroa sodaliana

Phtheochroa sodaliana (Haworth, 1811)

buckthorn conch

on Frangula, Rhamnus


De larvae live in the berries, feeding on the seeds. They spin berries together and move from the on to the other. Infected berries darken prematurely. The larva hibernates in a cocoon among the litter.

host plants

Rhamnaceae, oligophagous

Frangula alnus; Rhamnus cathartica.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).


Body red, segment limits greenish; head light brown; prothoracic plate darker, hind margin darkly stippled; pinacula pale. See Hinneberg, Swatschek.


Hysterosia, Trachysmia, sodaliana; Phtheochroa amandana Herrich-Schäffer, 1851.


Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Hinneberg (1901a), Huisman (1987a), Huisman & Koster (1994a), Schütze (1931a), Sinev & Shapoval (2015a), Swatschek (1958a).

Last modified 26.xii.2022