Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Coleophora siccifolia

Coleophora siccifolia Stainton, 1856

grey birch case-bearer

all sort of woody plants

Coleophora siccifolia: case on  Mespilus germanica

Mespilus germanica, Belgium, prov. Antwerp, Geel, Mosselgoren, 22.ix.2020 © Carina Van Steenwinkel

Coleophora siccifolia: case on  Mespilus germanica


Coleophora siccifolia: youth case on  Mespilus germanica

youth case

Coleophora sccifolia: case on  Sorbus aucuparia

Sorbus aucuparia, Assen, Amelterbos 17ix.2019 © Ben van As

Coleophora siccifolia case on Myrica gale

Myrica gale, Belgium, prov. Limbourg, Rekem, Vallei van de Zijpbeek, 16.ix.2017 © Carina Van Steenwinkel

Coleophora siccifolia feeding traces on Myrica gale

several feeding traces, including the mine from which the case has been cut

Coleophora siccifolia case on Crataegus monogyna

Crataegus monogyna, Loon (Dr), 28.viii.2017 © Ben van As

Coleophora siccifolia case

from Toll (1952a)

Coleophora siccifolia case

Betula, Belgium, Wortegem-Petegem, 29.viii.2009 © Steve Wullaert

Coleophora siccifolia: youth case on Crataegus monogyna

Crataegus monogyna, Belgium, prov. Liège, Flémalle-Haute: youth case, 2.v.2012 © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Coleophora siccifolia on Betula: first mine and excision

Betula, Belgium, prov. Namur, Vierves-sur-Viroin © Stéphane Claerebout

Coleophora siccifolia on Betula: first mine and excision



Tubular leaf case. The case is almost barrel-shaped, with a large leaf fragment that, while withering, folds itself untidily around the tube.

Before a larva leaves a mine to start on a fresh one, it often detaches the upper epidermis by cutting along the sides of the mine; often completely, sometimes only partially. The detached epidermis falls off or, when it is only partially loosened, dries and curls (Emmet, 1980a).

The young larva, in autumn, initially mines a gallery. A silken-lined side branch, positioned along a thick vein, serves as a resting place during feeding pauses. After this period the larva makes an oval blotch, excises it to form its first case, and goes into hibernation.

host plants


Alnus; Betula alleghaniensis, nana, pendula, pubescens; Carpinus betulus; Crataegus crus-galli, laevigata, monogyna; Ligustrum ovalifolium; Malus domestica; Mespilus germanica; Myrica gale; Sorbus aucuparia; Tilia.


Larvae are full-fed in Britain in end August, but continental authors write October (Emmet ao, 1996a).


BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2009).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

Probably all of Europe (Fauna Europaea, 2009).


Only three pairs of abdominal prolegs (Emmet ao, 1996a).


Ahr (1966a), Bachmaier (1965a), Biesenbaum & van der Wolf (1999a), Burmann (1992a), Emmet (1980a), Emmet, Langmaid, Bland ao (1996a), Hering (1921a, 1927b, 1957a), Huemer & Erlebach (2003a), Huisman & Koster (1996a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2004a), Huisman, Kuchlein, van Nieukerken ao (1986a), Ivinskis & Savenkov (1991a), Klimesch (1989a), Klimesch & Skala (1936a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Maček (1999a), Michaelis (1983a), van Nieukerken, Gielis, Huisman ao (1993a), Patzak (1974a), De Prins (2010a), Pröse (1995a), Robbins (1991a), Skala (1951a), Sønderup (1949a), Stammer (2016a), Steeman & Sierens (2018a), Szőcs (1977a), Toll (1962), Zoerner (1975a).

Last modified 29.x.2021