Coleophora spiraeella Rebel, 1916
from Toll (1962a)
Dark brown to blackish spatulate leaf case of 7-9 mm. Rear end somewhat lighter in colour, bivalved. Mouth angle sharp (Toll, 1962a).
Hering (1957a) writes that the youth case is bivalved, the final case however trivalved. Toll’s drawing does not seem to confirm this.
Larvae from June till September (Hering, 1957a); they hibernate full fed (Toll, 1962a).
First observation in the Netherland in 2015 (Schreurs & Groenen).
distribution within Europe
From Germany and Poland to Italy, Slovenia, and Romania (Maček, 1999a; Fauna Europaea, 2010; Ureche, 2010a).
Can cause damage in urban green (Toll, 1962a).
Baldizzone & van der Wolf (2000a), Burmann (1992a), Csóka (2003a), Deutsch (2017a), Hering (1957a, 1961a, 1962a, 1963a), Huemer (1988a), Huemer & Erlebach (2003a), Kayser (2011a), Leutsch (2002a), Maček (1999a), Matošević, Pernek, Dubravac & Barić (2009a), Nel (1992c), Razowski (1990a), Roweck & Savenkov (2010a), Schreurs & Groenen (2017a), Sefrová (2005a), Skala (1951a), Suire (1961a), Surányi (1942a), Szőcs (1977a, 1981a), Toll (1952a, 1962a), Ureche (2010a).