Coleophora trifolii (Curtis, 1832)
large clover casebearer
Melilotus albus, Belgium, prov. Namur, Maizeret © Jean-Yves Baugnée
case, in which three emptied pods are incorporated; the rear end of the case itself protrudes from the third
withered empty case
Melilotus spec., Belgium, prov. Luxembourg, Arlon, Camp de Lagland © Stéphane Claerebout
The case itself is invisible here.
The case itself is trivalved.
The larva feeds on the seeds. It lives in a silken case that is enclosed in one, later several, emptied pods.
Melilotus albus, altissimus, officinalis.
Larvae from July till early September. The larvae then enter diapause among the surrounding vegetation; pupation after the winter, still in the case.
distribution within Europe
Almost all Europe (PESI, 2018).
Baldizzone (1979a, 1983c, 1984a, 2004a), Baldizzone & Luquet (1981a), Baldizzone & Nel (1992a), Biesenbaum & van der Wolf (1999a), Emmet, Langmaid & Bland ao (1996a), Fazekas & Schreurs (2010a), Huemer & Wiesner (1997a), Leutsch (2011a), Nel (1992b, 1993b), Patzak (1974a), De Prins & Steeman (2011a), Robbins (1991a), Stübner (2007a).