Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Coleophora violacea

Coleophora violacea (Strömberg, 1783)

violet case-bearer

Coleophora violacea case

Crataegus monogyna, Belgium, Liège, Terril Batterie Nouveau © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Coleophora violacea case

Prunus spinosa, Belgium, prov. Luxembourg, Resteigne; © Jean-Yves Baugnée


Brownish lobe case that lies almost flat on the leaf, either at the upper or at the lower side. Case widest about the middle. Ventrally there is a distinct keel. Mouth angle 0°

Fleck mines rather large. The flaps of cuticular tissue that serve to enlarge the case are usually cut out of the upper epidermis. (contrary to C. ahenella and C. potentillae, that use tissue from the lower epidermis). The removal of these tissue flaps creates holes that are much larger than those that serve as an entrance to the mine.

host plants

Rosaceae (mainly); polyphagous (mainly) on woody plants.

Agrimonia; Alnus; Betula pendula; Carpinus betulus; Castanea sativa; Cornus; Corylus avellana; Crataegus; Cydonia oblonga; Filipendula ulmaria; Fragaria vesca; Humulus lupulus; Lonicera; Lythrum; Malus sylvestris; Mespilus germanica; Myrica; Potentilla; Prunus spinosa; Pyrus communis; Rhamnus cathartica; Ribes; Rosa; Rubus; Sanguisorba; Sorbus; Staphylea pinnata; Symphoricarpos albus; Tilia; Ulmus; Viburnum.


Larvae are full-fed in October (Emmet ao, 1996a).


BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2009).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Scandinavia and Finland to the Pyrenees Italy and Hungary, and from Britain to Russia (Fauna Europaea, 2009).



Coleophora albicornuella Bradley, 1956; Toll, 1962; C. paripennella auct. (including Hering).


Ahr (1966a), Baldizzone (1979a, 1984a, 2004a), Beiger (1958a, 1979a), Biesenbaum & van der Wolf (1999a), Buhr (1935a, 1936a, 1937a), Dimic (1971a), Emmet, Langmaid, Bland, ao (1996a), van Frankenhuyzen & Houtman (1972a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Graham (2014a), Haase (1942a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1921a, 1926b, 1927b, 1930e, 1957a, 1961a), Huber (1969a), Huemer (1988a), Huisman & Koster (1997a), Huisman, Koster, Muus & van Nieukerken (2013a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ellis (2007a), Ivinskis & Savenkov (1991a), Kvičala (1938a), Lhomme (1934a), Maček (1999a), Michaelis (1983a), Nel (1992c), van Nieukerken, Gielis, Huisman, Koster, Kuchlein, van der Wolf & Wolschrijn (1993a), Patzak (1974a), De Prins (2010a), De Prins & Steeman (2011a), Robbins (1991a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Steeman & Sierens (2018a), Szabóky, Tokár, Liska & Pastorális (2009a), Szőcs (1977a), Zoerner (1969a, 1975a).

Last modified 29.x.2021