Coleophora vitisella Gregson, 1856
Vaccinium vitis-idaea, Belgium; prov. Liège, Eupen, Brackvenn © Jean-Yves Baugnée
mine leaf, upperside
mined leaf, underside
mines, lighted from behind
Greyish black tubular composite leaf case of about 5-6 mm. The case is composed of numerous rings, each cut out of the lower epidermis of the host plant. The rear end is strongly curved, like the handle of a walking stick. Mouth angle 45°. The larva pupates in its case at the upperside of the leaf.
The development of the larva takes two years, with a diapause in early summer, when the plant develops new foliage. In the first year the cases consists only of the strongly curved part of the complete case.
Pyrola; Vaccinium vitis-idaea.
Occurrence on Potentilla (Comarum) is xenophagy (Hering, 1957a).
Buhr (1937a) mentions in Mecklenburg also occurrence on Vaccinium oxyoccus.
Full-grown larvae in September – April (Emmet ao, 1996a).
BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).
NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera,nl, 2009).
LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).
distribution within Europe
From Fennoscandia and northern Russia to the Pyrenees and Italy, and from Britain to Romania.
Baldizzone, Tokár, Z & S Kovács (2004a), Buhr (1935b, 1937a), Deutsch (2012a), Emmet, Langmaid, Bland ao (1996a), Gebiola, Bernardo, Ribes & Gibson (2015a), Haase (1942a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1957a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2004a), Ivinskis & Savenkov (1991a), Klimesch (1989a), Kozlov & Kullberg (2010a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Landry ao (2013a), Patzak (1974a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Michaelis (1954a, 1983a), Nel (1992c), Razowksi (1990a), Robbins (1991a), Schmid (2019a), Sønderup (1949a), Szőcs (1977a), Toll (1962a).