Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Pancalia leeuwenhoekella

Pancalia leeuwenhoekella (Linnaeus, 1761)

violet cosmet

on violets


The young larva bores in the petiole, while frass is ejected. Older larvae live in in a spinnibg at the outside out the roots.

host plants

Violaceae, monophagous

Viola canina, hirta, tricolor.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).


Emmet & Langmaid (2002b), Huemer (2012a), Huisman & Koster (1999a), Klimesch (1960a), Koster (1991a), Koster & Sinev (2003a), Robbins (1991a), Šumpich, Žemlička & Dvořák (2013a), Szőcs (1977a).

Last modified 2.xi.2019