Pancalia schwarzella (Fabricius, 1798)

scarce violet cosmet

on violets

parasite

The biology of this species is unknown, partly because it often has been confused with P. leeuwenhoekella.

host plants

Violaceae, monophagous

Viola.

synonyms

Pancalia latreillella (Curtis, 1830).

references

Baldizzone (2008a), Emmet & Langmaid (2002b), Huisman & Koster (1999a), Klimesch (1960a), Koster (1991a), Koster & Sinev (2003a), Kuchlein, Gielis, Huisman ao (1988a), Robbins (1991a).

mod 14.viii.2019