Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Pancalia schwarzella

Pancalia schwarzella (Fabricius, 1798)

scarce violet cosmet

on violets


The young larvae bore in the petioles. Later they live in a web on the runners and roots.

host plants

Violaceae, monophagous

Viola canina, hirta, tricolor.


Pancalia latreillella (Curtis, 1830).


Baldizzone (2008a), Emmet & Langmaid (2002b), Gerstberger (2000a), Huisman & Koster (1996a, 1999a), Klimesch (1960a), Koster (1991a), Koster & Sinev (2003a), Kuchlein, Gielis, Huisman ao (1988a), Robbins (1991a).

Last modified 9.v.2020