Pyroderces caesaris Gozmány, 1957

on thistles

parasite

The larvae develop in the flower heads, feeding on the developing seeds; there also th pupation and hibernation.

host plants

Asteraceae, oligophagous

Centaurea orientalis, salonitana; Cirsium laniflorum; Echinops ritro subsp. ruthenicus.

phenology

Univoltine.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Corley, Marabuto, Maravalhas ao (2009a) , Koster & Sinev (2003a), .

mod 17.viii.2019