Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Agonopterix carduella

Agonopterix carduella (Hübner, 1817)

thistle flat-body


A conspicuous, elongated, large, whitish upper-surface blotch, extending on both sides of the mid-rib; most of the frass is ejected; pupation external (Robbins, 1991a).

host plants

Asteraceae, broadly oligophagous

Arctium; Carduus defloratus; Centaurea jacea, nigra; Cirsium acaulon, arvense, eriophorum, helenioides, vulgare.


Larvae from late May till early July (Harper ao, 2002a).


Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Britain, Germany and Estonia to the Iberian Peninsula, Sardinia, Italy, and Montenegro (Fauna Europaea, 2009).


In the early stages the larvae are yellow-green (also the pinacula and anal plate; head and prothoracic plate black. Later instars look different, see Fetz, Harper ao, Rymarczyk, Dutheil & Nel.


Described by Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).


Fetz (1994a), Gerstberger (2000a), Hannemann (1995a), Harper, Langmaid & Emmet (2002a), Haslberger, Grünewald, Lichtmannecker, ao (2012a), Hering (1924a, 1957a), Klimesch (1959a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Robbins (1991a), Rymarczyk, Dutheil & Nel (2013a), Schmid (2019a), Skala (1950a), Šumpich, Žemlička & Dvořák (2013a), Szőcs (1977a), Thomann (1956a), Wieser & Huemer (1997a).

Last modified 17.i.2023