Elachista cingillella (Herrich-Schäffer, 1855)

white-tipped dwarf

mine

Gradually widening mine in the base of the blade; the sides very irregularly scalloped out. In the end the blade may be eaten out completely. When lighted from behind the mine is not uniformly transparent, but rather yellowish green and mottled because the larva leaves parts of the leaf tissue uneaten, and does not feed full depth. Pupation external.

hostplants

Poaceae, oligophagous

Bothriochloa ischaemum;
Bromopsis erecta; Milium effusum.

In Britain only on Milium (Bland, 1996a).Reared by Parenti (2005a) in the laboratory on Brachypodium sylvaticum and Elymus repens. Baran (2005a) knows the species from, Brachypodium sylvaticum only, and doubts the occurrence on Milium.

phenology

Larvae from September till April (hibernating in the mine); a second generation from June till early August.

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2010); but see the note at E. metella.

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2010); do.

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

distribution within Europe

From Fennoscandia and North Russia to the Pyrenees and Alps, and from Britain to Romania (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

larva & pupa

Described by Parenti (2005a). The larva is dark olive green, almost black.

references

Baran (2005a), Bidzilya, Budashkin & Zhakov (2016a), Bland (1996a), Buhr (1935b), Buszko (1990a), Hering (1957a), Kaila & Junnilainen (2002a), Kaila, Nupponen, Junnilainen, Nupponen, Kaitila & Olschwang (2003a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Parenti (2005a), De Prins (1998a), Schütze (1931a), Szőcs (1977a, 1981a), Traugott-Olsen & Nielsen (1977a).

mod 18.vi.2018