Elachista cingillella (Herrich-Schäffer, 1855)
Gradually widening mine in the base of the blade; the sides very irregularly scalloped out. In the end the blade may be eaten out completely. When lighted from behind the mine is not uniformly transparent, but rather yellowish green and mottled because the larva leaves parts of the leaf tissue uneaten, and does not feed full depth. Pupation external.
In Britain only on Milium (Bland, 1996a).Reared by Parenti (2005a) in the laboratory on Brachypodium sylvaticum and Elymus repens. Baran (2005a) knows the species from, Brachypodium sylvaticum only, and doubts the occurrence on Milium.
Larvae from September till April (hibernating in the mine); a second generation from June till early August.
BE recorded (Phegea, 2010); but see the note at E. metella.
NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2010); do.
LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2010).
distribution within Europe
From Fennoscandia and North Russia to the Pyrenees and Alps, and from Britain to Romania (Fauna Europaea, 2010).
larva & pupa
Described by Parenti (2005a). The larva is dark olive green, almost black.
Baran (2005a), Bidzilya, Budashkin & Zhakov (2016a), Bland (1996a), Buhr (1935b), Buszko (1990a), Hering (1957a), Kaila & Junnilainen (2002a), Kaila, Nupponen, Junnilainen, Nupponen, Kaitila & Olschwang (2003a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Parenti (2005a), De Prins (1998a), Schütze (1931a), Szőcs (1977a, 1981a), Traugott-Olsen & Nielsen (1977a).