Elachista luticomella Zeller, 1839

yellow-headed dwarf

mine

Long, narrow, white corridor, descending from close to the leaf tip to the leaf base or even stem. Frass in an inconspicuous grey line. From the stem the larva may enter a new leaf (Steuer, 1987a; Bland, 1996a).

hostplants

Poaceae, oligophagous

Bromopsis ramosa; Dactylis glomerata; Deschampsia cespitosa; Lolium perenne; Melica uniflora; Milium effusum; Poa pratensis & subsp. irrigata; Schedonorus giganteus, pratensis.

Observed in Britain only on Dactylis glomerata and occasionally Brachypodium sylvaticum (Bland, 1996a).

phenology

Larvae from late autumn till May (Bland, 1996a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009).

LUXmnot recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Fennoscandia to the Pyrenees, Italy, and Romania, and from Ireland to Central Russia (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

larva

Lemon yellow; setae unusually long. Pronotum with two elongate brown spots. also the anal plate has a brown marking. Prolegs with 2-4(5) crochets in a faint, posteriorly concave, arc (Steuer, 1987a).

pupa

Described by Patočka (1999a) and Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).

references

Baran (2005a), Bidzilya, Budashkin & Zhakov (2016a), Bland (1996a), Buhr (1935b), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a, Parenti & Varalda (1994a), Patočka (1999a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins (1998a), Robbins (1991a), Schütze (1931a), Sønderup (1949a), Sruoga & Ivinskis (2005a), Sterling (1986a), Steuer (1987a), Szőcs (1977a), Traugott-Olsen & Nielsen (1977a), Wörz (1957a).

10/02/2017

mod 13.ii.2018