Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Elachista cingillella

Elachista cingillella (Herrich-Schäffer, 1855)

white-tipped dwarf


Gradually widening mine in the base of the blade; the sides very irregularly scalloped out. In the end the blade may be eaten out completely. When lighted from behind the mine is not uniformly transparent, but rather yellowish green and mottled because the larva leaves parts of the leaf tissue uneaten, and does not feed full depth. Pupation external.


Poaceae, oligophagous

Bothriochloa ischaemum;
Bromopsis erecta; Milium effusum.

In Britain only on Milium (Bland, 1996a).Reared by Parenti (2005a) in the laboratory on Brachypodium sylvaticum and Elymus repens. Baran (2005a) knows the species from, Brachypodium sylvaticum only, and doubts the occurrence on Milium.


Larvae from September till April (hibernating in the mine); a second generation from June till early August.


BE recorded (Phegea, 2010); but see the note at E. metella.

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2010); do.

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

distribution within Europe

From Fennoscandia and North Russia to the Pyrenees and Alps, and from Britain to Romania (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

larva & pupa

Described by Parenti (2005a). The larva is dark olive green, almost black.


Baran (2005a), Bidzilya, Budashkin & Zhakov (2016a), Bland (1996a), Buhr (1935b), Buszko (1990a), Hering (1957a), Kaila & Junnilainen (2002a), Kaila, Nupponen, Junnilainen, Nupponen, Kaitila & Olschwang (2003a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Parenti (2005a), De Prins (1998a), Schütze (1931a), Szőcs (1977a, 1981a), Traugott-Olsen & Nielsen (1977a).

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