Elachista maculicerusella (Bruand, 1859)
Holcus spec., België, prov. Limbourg © Carina Van Steenwinkel
mine lighted from behind
larva about to pupate
Phalaroides arundinacea, Belgium, prov. Limbourg © Carina Van Steenwinkel
occasionally two larvae in a mine
pupa in a leaf axil
Phragmites australis, Belgium, prov. West-Flanders, Poperinge, Watou: Helleketelbos © Maarten Willems
detail, last section of the mine
larva, ventral view
The first section of the mine is a long and very narrow gallery running in the direction of the leaf tip. At a given moment the galley switches direction and simultaneously becomes broader, ultimately becoming as wide as the leaf itself. Hering (1957a) describes the mine as flat and quite shallow, giving it a greenish, rather than whitish appearance. Frass initially in the oldest, upper part of the mine, later in strings. The larva can leave its mine and restart elsewhere. Normally only one larva per mine, but sometimes two or even three mines in a leaf. Pupation outside the mine (Bland, 1996a; Traugott-Olsen & Schmidt Nielsen, 1977a).
Agrostis; Alopecurus pratensis; Arrhenatherum elatius; Brachypodium; Bromopsis inermis; Calamagrostis epigeios; Dactylis glomerata; Elytrugia repens; Holcus; Phalaris canariensis; Phalaroides arundinacea; Phragmites australis; Poa compressa; Schedonorus pratensis; Triseum; Triticum.
Steuer (1987a) mentions the species from Phalaroides arundinacea and Phragmites australis, and only occasionally from Schedonorus pratensis.
Larvae in April – May and July (Traugott-Olsen & Schmidt Nielsen, 1977a).
BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).
NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009).
LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).
distribution within Europe
Entire Europe, excepted the Iberian Peninsula and perhaps also the Balkan Peninsula (Fauna Europaea, 2009).
Yellowish green, head and pronotum pale brown; see Steuer (1987a) for a detailed description.
Described by Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).
Elachista cerusella (Hübner, 1796); E. monosemiella Rössler, 1881.
Baran, Mazurkiewicz & Pałka (2007a), Bidzilya, Budashkin & Zhakov (2016a), Biesenbaum (1995b), Bland (1996a), Diškus & Stonis (2012a), Ford (1943a), Hering (1957a, 1963a), Kaila, Nupponen, Junnilainen ao (2003a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Leutsch (2011a), Parenti & Varalda (1994a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Robbins (1991a), Schmid (2019a), Schütze (1931a), Sønderup (1949a), Sruoga & Ivinskis (2005a, 2011a), Sruoga, StunþënaV & Paulavièiûte (2009a), Steuer (1987a), Szőcs (1977a, 1981a), Traugott-Olsen & Schmidt Nielsen, 1977a), Wieser (2018a).