Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Elachista martinii

Elachista martinii Hofmann, 1898

Lepidoptera, Elachistidae


The mine, that takes the full width of the narrow leaf, generally descends from the leaf tip down, but sometimes ascends from half way the leaf. Around April the larva starts a new, similar, mine in another leaf. Almost all frass is pushed into the oldest part of the mine. Pupation external, at the base of the mined leaf.


Cyperaceae, narrowly monophagous

Carex humilis.


Larvae from September till June (Hering, 1957a).


Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

distribution within Europe

From Germany and Latvia to Italy and Greece (Fauna Europaea, 2010).


Deep yellow, 4-5 mm long; head almost colourless; sclerites of pronotum, prosternum and anal plate present, but very weakly chitinised (Steuer, 1978a).


Described by Patočka (1999a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).


Baldizzone (2004a), Hering (1957a), Kaila, Nupponen, Junnilainen, Nupponen, Kaitila & Olschwang (2003a), Klimesch (1958c), Liška ao (2000a), Parenti & Varalda (1994a), Patočka (1999a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Petry (1923a), Schütze (1931a), Sruoga & Ivinskis (2005a), Steuer (1978a), Szőcs (1977a, 1981a).


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