Elachista occidentalis Frey, 1882

Lepidoptera, Elachistidae

mine

Corridor, 10-15 cm long, very narrow at first, gradually widening to half the width of the leaf in the end, either along the leaf margin or following the midrib. The mine runs from the base of the leaf upwards. Pupation external.

hostplants

Cyperaceae, narrowly monophagous

Carex digitata, ericetorum.

phenology

Univoltine.

BENELUX

Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

distribution within Europe

From Fennoscandia to the Pyrenees, Italy, and Greece, and from Ireland to Poland (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

larva

Greyish green, prothoracic and anal plates amber coloured.

pupa

Brown.

synonyms

Biselachista freyi: Traugott-Olsen & Nielsen (1977a). Parenti & Pizzolato argue that occidentalis is a junior synobym of P. juliensis.

notes

See Kaila & Varalda (2003a) for the systematics of the difficult E. juliensis species group.

references

Baldizzone (2004a), Baran (2008a), Baran, Mazurkiewicz & Pałka (2007a), Huemer (2012a), Kaila & Varalda (2003a), Liška ao (2000a), Parenti & Pizzolato (2015a), Siloaho, Saarela & Sippola (2008a), Sruoga & Ivinskis (2005a), Traugott-Olsen & Nielsen (1977a).

12/01/2017