Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Elachista quadripunctella

Elachista quadripunctella (Hübner, 1825)


The larva makes, working from the leaf tip, a large, elongate, lower-surface epidermal blotch. Silk is deposited on the lower epidermis, causing it to contract; the end result is a typical tentiform mine with clear longitudinal folds. The larva then starts feeding on the parenchyma, which changes the initially green colour of the upper side into a mottled light yellow-green. The leaf tip with the upper part of the mine shrivels into a narrow tube, in which the larva deposits its frass. Several such mines are made. Pupation, very unusual for an Elachista, within the mine.

host plants

Cyperaceae, Juncaceae; narrowly polyphagous

Carex flacca; Luzula luzuloides, pilosa, sylvatica.


Larvae from end September to late in the following spring (Traugott-Olsen & Nielsen, 1977a); Buszko (1990a) found larvae in April.


BE recorded (Phegea, 2010).

NE not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

distribution within Europe

From Scandinavia and Latvia to the Pyrenees and Italy, and from France to Romania (Fauna Europaea, 2010).


Very slender, up to 8 mm long. Body without colour, except for the gut contents. Head, and sclerites of pronotum, prosternum, and anal plate only weakly chitinised.


See Patočka (1999a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).


Elachista quadrella (Hübner, 1905): Hering (1957).


Aarvik, Bakke, Berg ao (1997a), Baldizzone (2004a), Bidzilya, Budashkin & Zhakov (2016a), Buhr (1935b), Buszko (1990a), Hering (1957a), Huemer (1986b), Parenti & Varalda (1994a), Patočka (1999a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins (1998a), Sruoga & Ivinskis (2005a), Starý (1930a), Steuer (1980a), Szőcs (1977a), Traugott-Olsen & Nielsen (1977a), Wörz (1957a).

Last modified 21.i.2020