Caryocolum proxima (Haworth, 1828)

meadow groundling

mine

Short, inconspicuous corridor; it is not lined with frass, remains flat therefore. Sometimes the frass is ejected, sometimes it remains in the mine as a broad pale orange central line. The older larva lives among spun leaves.

hostplants

Caryophyllaceae, oligophagous

Cerastium fontanum; Stellaria media.

phenology

April, May (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

BE not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & Kuchlein-Nijsten, 2002b; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2010).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

distribution within Europe

Probably most of Europe, but missing in Ireland (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

larva

Yellow, pronotum reddish brown (Hering, 1957a).

synonyms

Gnorimoschema maculiferella (Douglas, 1851).

notes

Huemer & Karsholt (2010a) point out that in the past proxima very often has been confused with C. alsinella. It therefore is quite interesting that they do not describe proxima as a leaf miner.

references

Elsner, Huemer & Tokár (1999a), Hering (1957a), Huemer (2012a), Huemer & Karsholt (2010a), Klimesch (1954a), Kuchlein & Kuchlein-Nijsten (2002b), Robbins (1991a), Sønderup (1949a), Szőcs (1977a).

mod 25.v.2018