Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Ethmia bipunctella

Ethmia bipunctella (Fabricius, 1775)

bordered ermel

on Echium, etc.


Larvae in a slight web between the leaves and in the inflorescence.

host plants

Boraginaceae, oligophagous

Echium gaditanum, plantagineum, parviflorum, vulgare; Lithospermum officinale; Onosma pseudoarenaria.

Also mentioned in the literature from Anchusa; Cynoglossum officinale; Symphytum. Because no recent field observations on these plants seem to exist, these relationships are doubted on Lepiforum; also Friese has its reservations.


Bivoltine; hibernation as pupa.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).


Pictures on Lepiforum; see also Fetz.


See also Patočka, Patočka & Turčáni.


Psecadia bipunctella.


Baldizzone (2004a), Baldizzone & scalercio (2018a), Benander (1937a), Bryner & Sonderegger (2016a), Emmet & Langmaid (2002b), Fazekas (2009a), Fernández Vidal (2018a), Fetz (1994a), Friese (1973a), Hellers (1998a), Huertas Dionisio (2007a), Lepiforum (2019), Patocka (1997a),Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Pérez De-Gregorio (2003a), Sterling (1989a), Thomann (1956a), Wapshere (1980a), Wapshere & Cullen (1984a).

Last modified 30.xi.2020