Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Ethmia candidella

Ethmia candidella (Alphéraky, 1908)

on Boraginaceae

parasite

Larvae under a web at the undersides of the leaves. Pupation in a cocoon on the plant.

host plants

Boraginaceae, oligophagous

Aegonychon purpurocaeruleum; Asperugo procumbens; Borago officinalis; Buglossoides arvensis; Cerinthe major; Lithospermum officinale.

Breeding experiments by Bryner & Sonderegger on Myosotis, Lithospermum officinale failed.

phenology

Univoltine; hibernation as egg.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva, pop

Pictures on Lepiforum; see also FEtz, Friese.

references

Bryner & Sonderegger (2016a), Corley, Merckx, Cardoso ao (2012a), Fetz (1994a), Friese (1973a), Lepiforum (2019), Pérez De-Gregorio (2003a).

Last modified 13.iii.2020