Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Ethmia quadrillella

Ethmia quadrillella (Goeze, 1783)

comfrey ermel

on Symphytum, etc.

parasite

Larvae in a light web at the underside of the leaves. Pupation in a dense white spinning.

host plants

Boraginaceae, oligophagous

Lithospermum officinale; Myosotis sylvatica; Pulmonaria officinalis; Symphytum officinale, tuberosum.

phenology

Univoltine, sometime bivoltine; hibernation as pupa.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva, pupa

Pictures on Lepiforum; see also Fetz, Friese, Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Ethmia funerella (Fabricius, 1787).

references

Bryner & Sonderegger (2016a), Emmet & Langmaid (2002b), Fetz (1994a), Friese (1973a), Hellers (1998a), Huisman & Koster (2000a), Lepiforum (2019), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Pérez De-Gregorio (2003a).

Last modified 14.iii.2020