Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Ethmia terminella

Ethmia terminella Fletcher, 1938

five-spot ermel

on viper’s-bugloss


Larvae well hidden in a silken tube among the inflorescence, feeding on the flowers and developing fruits.

host plants

Boraginaceae, monophagous

Echium gaditanum, vulgare.


Univoltine; hibernation as pupa.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).


Strikingly pugmented: head and body velvety blackish brown, on each segment a dorsal pair of circular silvery white patches. Pictures on Lepiforum; see also Fetz, Friese


Baldizzone (2004a), Bryner & Sonderegger (2016a), Emmet & Langmaid (2002b), Fetz (1994a), Friese (1973a), Hellers (1998a), Huertas Dionisio (2007a), Huisman & Koster (1994a, 1999a), Lepiforum (2019), Pérez De-Gregorio (2003a), Schütze (1931a), Sterling (1989a), Vávra (2016a).

Last modified 28.i.2021