Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Apodia bifractella

Apodia bifractella (Duponchel, 1843)

dark fleabane neb

on Inula, Pulicaria


The larvae live in the autumn in the old flower heads, feeding on the fruits that have been spun together into a narrow tube.

host plants

Asteraceae-Inuleae, monophagous

Inula conyzae, salicina; Pulicaria dysenterica.

According to Bland ao the larva also lives on Tripolium pannonicum subsp. tripolium (“Aster tripolium”). Because that plant species is only distantly related to the two mentioned before further confirmation is needed.


The larvae hibernate in the flowers heads, pupate also there in a tough cocoon./p>

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).



See Patocka, Patočka & Turčáni.


Bland, Corley, Emmet ao (2002a), Kaitila 1996a), Kasy (1987a), Leideritz & Seliger (2013a), Patocka (1997a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins & Steeman (2011a), Requena (2009a), Segerer, Haslberger, Grünewald ao (2013a).

Last modified 26.i.2020