Apodia bifractella (Duponchel, 1843)

dark fleabane neb

on Inula, Pulicaria

parasite

The larvae live in the autumn in the old flower heads, feeding on the fruits that have been spun together into a narrow tube.

host plants

Asteraceae-Inuleae, monophagous

Inula conyzae, salicina; Pulicaria dysenterica.

According to Bland ao the larva also lives on Tripolium pannonicum subsp. tripolium (“Aster tripolium”). Because that plant species is only distantly related to the two mentioned before further confirmation is needed.

phenology

The larvae hibernate in the flowers heads, pupate also there in a tough cocoon./p>

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

pop

See Patocka, Patočka & Turčáni.

references

Bland, Corley, Emmet ao (2002a), Kaitila 1996a), Kasy (1987a), Leideritz & Seliger (2013a), Patocka (1997a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins & Steeman (2011a).

mod 8.ix.2019